Best Western President Hotel In New York – This article is about condominiums and hotels in Columbus Circle. For apartments and offices on Fifth Ave, see Trump Tower.
40°46′09″N 73°58′54″W / 40.76917°N 73.98167°W / 40.76917; -73.98167 Coordinates: 40°46′09″N 73°58′54″W / 40.76917°N 73.98167°W / 40.76917; -73.98167
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The Trump International Hotel and Tower, originally the Bay and West Building, is a high-rise building at 15 Columbus Circle and 1 Central Park West on the Upper West Side of Manhattan, New York City. Originally designed by Thomas E. Stanley as an office building, it was completed in 1970 as the headquarters of Gulf and Western Industries. In the mid-1990s, a joint venture built by the Geral Electric Psion Fund, the Galbreath Company and developer Donald Trump turned the building into a hotel and residential tower. Rovation was designed by Philip Johnson and Costas Kondylis.
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The Trump International Hotel and Tower is 583 feet (178 m) tall and has 44 physical floors since its construction. The building originally had an aluminum and marble facade and was surrounded by a public square on Broadway and Central Park West. There is a theater and shops in the basement and a restaurant on the top floor. After the building was built, a glass facade was installed. The lower part of the tower is used as a hotel, while the upper floor is a residential apartment.
When planning an office skyscraper on the site in 1965, developers Hyman R. and Irving J. Shapiro planned to replace the existing two- or three-story building. After the Shapiros submitted two unsuccessful proposals for the site, Realty Equities Corporation took over the development in 1967. After completion, the building served for more than two decades. In the early 1990s, the tower went bankrupt and the GE/Galbreath/Trump joint venture took over construction. Gulf and Western successor Paramount Communications occupied the building until 1995, when it was renovated; residences were opened in 1996 and hotel rooms were opened in 1997. the hotel was renovated in 2010.
Trump International Hotel and Tower is located at 1 Central Park West, along the north side of Columbus Circle, on the Upper West Side of Manhattan, New York.
It occupies a trapezoidal plot of land bounded by Broadway to the west, 61st Street to the north, and Central Park West to the east. Lot area 31,349 square feet (2,912 m
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The building is flanked by 15 Central Park West to the north, Central Park to the east, and Deutsche Bank Cter (formerly Time Warner Cter) to the south. Additionally, it intersects Columbus Circle from 2 Columbus Circle and 240 Central Park South to the south.
Transit to New York City’s 59th Street-Columbus Circle subway station, served by the 1, A, B, C, and D trains, is right outside the building.
It has a superstructure that can support the weight of the 30-story tower, although the additional floor was never built.
Hearst envisioned creating a large Midtown headquarters for his company near Columbus Circle in the belief that the area would become the city’s next great tertainmt district.
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However, the proposal fell through during the Great Depression, and only the Hearst magazine building, three blocks to the south, was built.
The Trump International Hotel and Tower was originally the Gulf and West Building, designed by Thomas E. Stanley and built in the late 1960s.
Between 1995 and 1997, Philip Johnson and Costas Kondylis transformed the building into the Currt Trump International Hotel and Tower.
This gives the building a floor area ratio (FAR) of 18. Since the apartment building is limited to a FAR of 12, Trump split the tower into two separate structures for zoning purposes: a 17-story hotel at the base and a 28-story one. high residential tower.
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The tower is managed by the Trump Organization, which is headed by developer and later US President Donald Trump. The hotel units are owned by General Electric (GE) Psion Trust and Galbreath & Company, which worked with Trump on residential redevelopment in the 1990s. The Trump Organization owns one of the apartments, the parking garage, the restaurant space, the room service suites and the lobby bathroom. The building and hotel are managed by the Trump Organization. The building’s board of directors consists of six condo owners, two hotel owners, and the president of the Trump Organization (who serves until 2022).
The Bay and West Building were originally surrounded by a public square slightly above the sidewalk. The Central Park West frontage is elevated two steps above the sidewalk.
Originally, the northwest corner of the lot had seating around the staircase to the basement Paramount Theatre.
The only part of the theater above ground is a 30-foot (9.1 m) diameter cylinder that has LED signs, ticket booths, and theater trance.
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Stairs and escalators lead to the theater from ground level. The staircase is illuminated by theatrical lighting and bears a striking resemblance to the staircase designed by Wallace Harrison for the Metropolitan Opera.
A portion of the plaza at the south end of the property, facing toward Columbus Circle, has sunk below ground level.
Circular Square includes a grand staircase leading to the 59th Street – Columbus Circle subway station in New York City.
There is also a trance building in the recessed part of the square. The Sunken Plaza was added at the suggestion of the Urban Design Group, which believed that Broadway would be redeveloped well below the Lincoln Cter development a few blocks to the north.
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The Columbus Circle Globe, a 30-foot silver globe by artist Kim Brandell, was installed in front of the building during its redevelopment into the Trump International Hotel and Tower.
The world was inspired by the Unisphere in Ques, the New York City neighborhood where Trump grew up.
According to Trump, the world was installed on the advice of a fg Shui consultant he hired.
The world was to include the words “Trump International” in 3 ft (0.91 m) tall letters, but the letters were not installed because city officials objected to the idea.
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When the globe was installed in 1997, workers at a nearby office complained that it caused too much glare. The original plan was to cover the globe with a gold coating to reduce glare, but fg Trump’s advisor advised against this.
Thomas Stanley intended the Gulf and Western Building to “provide a fine transition from Ctral Park”, although this design was widely criticized after our building was completed.
The Bay and West Building facades originally had steel columns that were clad in marble from the plaza to the fourth floor. Black granite was used in the parapets above the windows of the second and third floors, while a layer of marble strip ran above the fourth floor.
This marble was intended to finish the New York Coliseum (later demolished for Deutsche Bank Cter) and 2 Columbus Circle.
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On the fifth floor above, the facade consists of prefabricated gray glass windows with aluminum frames, as well as vertical extruded aluminum columns that are painted white.
Which required the sealing of loose facade panels as well as the installation of posts and large studs to secure the panels.
Trump requested that glass be used, despite some of Johnson’s current projects, such as 550 Madison Avue, using stone.
Johnson originally wanted to model the new design on the Seagram Building, which he helped design in the 1950s.
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The windows between the columns were originally designed as flat windows, before Johnson considered designing openings with projecting windows on either side. The final design is similar to Johnson’s One PPG Place in Pittsburgh.
The steel of the facade is painted gold, a shade that Trump has used in some of his other projects.
Trump originally wanted the facade to be a bright gold, but decided to use a matte finish instead after hiring a fg Shui consultant who told him to change it to reflect the clouds in the sky.
Johnson suggested removing the glass slats between the floors to cut costs, but Trump refused, saying the windowsills “shine like diamonds.”
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The exterior floors are braced with steel columns at 26-foot (7.9 m) intervals. When the skyscraper is built, it will sway slightly in strong wind.
According to structural engineer Ysrael Seinuk, the building will sway laterally by up to 2.5 ft (0.76 m) due to the lack of other nearby tall buildings to absorb wind loads.
Additionally, winds from the north will move faster along Broadway than along Central Park West, due to the sheer accumulation of tall residential structures on Central Park West. This effectively turned the Bay and West Buildings into load-bearing surfaces that would be twisted by high winds.
In early 1982, structural cracks caused the building’s owner to install a 44 x 15 ft (13.4 x 4.6 m) windbreak from ground level to the roof.
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When the building was renovated in the mid-1990s, Seinuk added two concrete and steel shear walls in a cross arrangement.
In the original plan of the renovation, diagonal steel trusses will be installed in the mechanical core from the 1st to the 14th floor. The
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