Tower Mill Hotel Wickham Terrace

Tower Mill Hotel Wickham Terrace – The Tower Mill Motel is an innovative and rare design that depicts a windmill tower built in reverse. Designed in early 1963 by architect Stephen Trotter, this cylindrical building incorporates elements of subtropical design that influenced the development and teaching of architecture students in the late 20th century. This first modern international hotel was the site of historic human rights protests in 1971, and has rarely been a functioning hotel since it opened in 1966.

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Tower Mill Hotel Wickham Terrace

Spring Hill is Brisbane’s oldest suburb containing many of Brisbane’s oldest buildings. Opposite the Tower Mill Motel site is a convict windmill dating from 1828 and next to the town’s first purpose-built water reservoirs from 1866.

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Located close to the city centre, Spring Hill was developed as a fashionable suburb, with expensive housing on Brisbane’s high street and cheaper housing on the slopes and lower valleys. As the city expanded in the late 19th and early 20th centuries, new, more remote areas attracted development and Spring Hill, by the early 20th century, was overcrowded, dilapidated and expensive. In the post-war era, as prosperity returned in the 1950s and 1960s, a wave of new development swept the city. Young professionals and artists were attracted to Spring Hill, as it was close to the city and the suburbs experienced revival and the beginning of growth.

The increasing frequency and accessibility of international travel has also had an impact as Australia becomes a destination and new international style hotels are built. In Brisbane, the typical corner hotels lacked the amenities and standards of occupancy required by the growing modern tourism market. During the 1960s many new hotels were built, the Tower Mill Motel being one of the first and most prominent examples of the new international modern style.

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The motel site was previously home to a doctor’s surgery in conjunction with the Wickham Road development and a period as a site for private hospitals and specialist clinics. The site was acquired by Chacewater Pty Ltd who applied in November 1964 to build a seventy-unit motel designed by architect Stephen Trotter, estimated at £285,000.

Stephen Trotter was born in Brisbane in 1930 and trained in the offices of Mervyn Rylance and Fulton and Collin. He obtained a Diploma of Architecture (Qld) in 1954 and became a registered architect in 1955. He began practicing as a partner of Fulton and Collin in 1958. His time with Mervyn Rylance, who specialized in Old English design, instilled in Trotter a desire to design buildings that responded to Brisbane’s hot climate. In 1962 John Gilmour, Stephen Trotter and Graham Boys became partners in the firm.1 Influenced by the new international trends that had been built overseas and the new engineering technologies developed after the war, Stephen Trotter successfully applied for the Royal Australian Institute of Architects (RAIA). ) Sisalkraft Scholarship in 1962. His application included the design of the Tower Mill Motel in his portfolio of work as an indication of his desire to study design responses to climates. Trotter’s three-month tour of the country resulted in a study titled “Cities in the Sun” that identified design elements associated with hot, dry; humid tropical climate,  humid tropical climate and tropical drought in the subcontinent, Persia, Oceania, South America, North America and Europe.1

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The Tower Mill Motel has an impressive circular shape, a unique concrete sunshade and a restaurant on the top floor. The circular shape and detail of the roof overlooks the circular shape and detail of the tapering tower of the historic windmill across the street. Adopting the latest technology in international style design, Tower Mill Motel features pressed concrete floors and concrete columns and canopies covering full-length glass walls. It is in stark contrast to the international style hotels built in the city during this period, which although feature curtain walls and full length glass, generally stick to a rectangular space with the same rooms.

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Stephen Trotter remained a partner at Fulton, Collin, Boys, Gilmour and Trotter until 1999. During this time, he taught architecture at the Queensland Institute of Technology (QIT now QUT), focusing on the importance of environmental and energy efficient architecture. designing a generation of architecture students. As well as teaching at QIT for nineteen years, Trotter has been involved in the Queensland Chapter of the Australian Institute of Architects for many years. Trotter retired from Fulton Trotter in 1999, but his sons Mark and Paul are now directors. Stephen Trotter also made an outstanding contribution to the University of Queensland’s residential college, International House, for over six decades and was made a fellow in November 2011. Stephen Trotter died on 30 July 2015, aged 84.1.

The Tower Mill Motel was completed in 1964 and became a destination for overseas tourists. In 1971 the motel hosted the Springboks rugby team during the Brisbane leg of their Australian tour. The Bhobokhokos were an all-white rugby union team from South Africa that was a symbol of the country’s apartheid regime that excluded black South Africans from all citizenship rights. The UN General Assembly had called for a sports boycott of South Africa in 1968, which was ignored by the Australian authorities. At a time when awareness of racial and gender inequality was growing and the subject of riots and protests, this motel became a center of civil liberties protests against apartheid. On the night of July 22, 400 protesters, mainly university students, teachers and Aboriginal Australians, gathered to protest but were confronted by 500 police officers who had been given the power of a State of Emergency that stopped all civil liberties for one month, from the Bjelke-Petersen government. . . The subsequent brutal treatment of protesters, including future premiers of Queensland and political figures such as Peter Beattie, Wayne Goss, Matt Foley, George Georges and Bill Hayden, not only sparked future protests, but ensured that the actual game was poorly attended. .1

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The protest at the Tower Mill Motel was a “defining moment and divisive event” that sparked anger at the politics of the Queensland Police Force, particularly the use of the Special Branch as a “secret army” by Joh Bjelke-Petersen and a willingness to look out into the open. inequality is reversed.1

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Tower Mill Motel’s outstanding new design, is not only a unique example of a 1960’s cylindrical building designed to be sensitive to the site and climate, but an icon of a revolutionary era that has challenged the established and new regimes. cultural values. was introduced. The hotel was divided into 107 units with different titles in December 20021 and some were sold to their owners while others were kept for the use of hotel rooms. A recent change in ownership resulted in the purchase of a number of independent units to facilitate the restoration of the entire building for use as a hotel.

Tower Mill Hotel is a nine-story concrete hotel and apartment tower, designed and built in an international style. The tower has a circular shape, a unique concrete sunshade and a high-end restaurant.

Spring Hill is an inner city in Brisbane characterized by its density and rolling topography. The area in question is close to Brisbane’s central business district and has a mixed character with varying residential densities, a hospital area and pockets of commercial and light industrial space.

The course building has a greater setback from the road boundary than other buildings in Wickham Terrace. The Tower Mill Hotel is one of the tallest buildings on the road. The undeveloped site slopes away from Wickham Street. The front of the building is fully paved and cemented and offers limited parking and vehicular access. The western end of the

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